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Global wood fiber prices indices reached four-year highs in the 4Q 2018
The costs for wood chips and pulplogs were generally higher worldwide in 2018 than in 2017 with both the Softwood Fiber Price Index (SFPI) and the Hardwood Fiber Price Index (HFPI) reaching their highest levels in four years. From the 4Q 2016 to the 4Q 2018, the SFPI and the HFPI increased by 6.4% and 4.6%, respectively, according to the Wood Resource Quarterly (WRQ). Wood fiber costs ranged between 45% and 70% of the cash costs for the production of pulp around the world in the 4Q 2018.
Over the past two years, softwood fiber prices were up over 20% in the US Northwest, Western Canada, the Nordic countries and Germany. The only regions where fiber costs have fallen since the 4Q/16 were Eastern Canada and Brazil. In Eastern Canada, fiber costs have declined primarily because of an oversupply of wood chips and in Brazil due to a weakening Brazilian Real. In Ontario and Quebec, growing lumber production has created ample supplies of residual chips while demand for wood fiber has stagnated. As a consequence, wood chip prices have fallen by almost 50% in six years and some sawmills are struggling to find buyers for all their chip volumes.
During the past two years, the costs for hardwood pulplogs have gone up in 15 of the 16 countries tracked by the WRQ. Pulpmills in some of the major hardwood pulp-producing regions, including China, Finland, Indonesia and Spain, have seen their fiber costs go up between 10-30% from the 4Q 2016 to the 4Q 2018.
Import prices for hardwood chips to China have gone up steadily from late 2017 to early 2019, predominantly because of increased prices for wood chips which have been sourced from the higher-cost countries of Australia and Chile. In late 2018 and early 2019, import prices for hardwood chips to China and Japan were practically the same. This is unlike in the previous decade when prices for overseas chips delivered to Japan were between $20- 70/odmt higher than for those shipped to China.
Source: Lesprom Network